Illegal Adoption: Does it lessen the pain of orphans?

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The Covid-19 has been the most perilous phase the world has ever seen till now. The number of human deaths scared the living daylights out of the whole of mankind. The shocking numbers released by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) reported that more than 30,000 children were orphaned or lost a parent. To this situation came various NGO individuals and other organizations inviting the public and assisting them to adopt these children. At first glimpse, this depicts a very noble cause but the coin needs to be flicked. Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is the responsible body that looks at the adoptions. No adoption can be taken place without CARA‘s involvement. The Supreme Court of India on June 7, 2021, intervened and took the issue in hand, and directed the state and UT governments to propose strict guidelines and notices on this.
Talking about the laws of adoption in India there are two primary legislation:
• The Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956
• Guardians and Wards Act, 1890
CARA was established in the year of 1990 as the nodal body to regulate adoption in India. The Hague Adoption Convention, 1993 was the guiding statute for CARA. Section 68 of The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children Act), 2015 empowered it to frame procedural regulations and address the matters concerning adoption.
Now the role and importance of CARA are known, any encouragement or promotional activities regarding adoption without its involvement is illegal. The lives of these unfortunate children who lost their parents must go into the right hands.
Illegal adoptions have direct associations the offenses like sexual child abuse, child begging, child labor, and exploitation. The surreptitious nature of these crimes against children has kept them unseen and non -codified from any sound statistical records. However, the Human Rights Council the body of the United Nations has often discussed and mentioned this linkage in its annual reports.
Maybe the initiative of the NGOs and those organizations on the adoption of the children was driven by righteousness and morality. The fate of the children might have been put in dire straits. The timely observation by NCPCR and right call by the Supreme Court is appreciable in averting the malicious consequences of the matter. The societal problems and offenses can only be curtailed if the initiatives and movements against them are adhering to the related laws.
These pathetic children surely need help. The situation demands CARA to formulate plans for these children and lead them to the right foster care and other such facilities. NGOs and organizations can work at ground level and act as an intermediary to drive the plans more successfully and accurately. The Ministry of Women and Child Development should focus on the concern and take the right action in the earliest possible manner.

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